An “author” is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. Authorship credit should be based on 1) Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) Final approval of the version to be published.
Guidelines on preparing Manuscript
Title Page: The title page should have the following information: 1) Article title. 2) Authors’ names and the institutional affiliations. 3) The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed. 4) Disclaimers, if any. 5) Contact information for corresponding authors. The name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of all authors. 6) Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these. 7) Word counts, Word count for the text only (excluding abstract, acknowledgments, figure legends, and references). 8) The number of figures and tables. Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should be avoided. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Introduction: Provide a context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective of the study, hypothesis to be tested by the experimental study or observation; the research objective is often more sharply focused when stated as a question.
Methods: Provide the detail of methods employed to collect and analysis of the data.
Results: Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. Extra or supplementary materials and technical details can be placed in an appendix where they will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the text.
Discussion: Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in the Introduction or the Results section. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by summarizing briefly the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data.
References: Vancouver Style is adopted by this journal. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in parentheses.
Tables: Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Do not use internal horizontal or vertical lines. Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading. Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes, and use the following symbols, in sequence: *,#, †, ‡, •, ||, ?, **,##, ††, ‡‡ Be sure that each table is cited in the text. If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully.
Illustrations (Figures): Figures should be either professionally drawn and photographed, or submitted as photographic quality digital prints as electronic files of figures in a format (JPEG or GIF) that will produce high quality images in the Web version of the journal; authors should review the images of such files on a computer screen before submitting them to be sure they meet their own quality standards. For x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, send sharp, glossy, black-and-white or color photographic prints, usually 127 x 173 mm (5 x 7 inches). Letters, numbers, and symbols on figures should be clear and consistent throughout, and large enough to remain legible when the figure is reduced for publication. Figures should be made as self explanatory as possible, since many will be used directly in slide presentations.
Abbreviations and Symbols: Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations may result in rejection of manuscript with an assumption that, the script was not written with an aim to communicate the work with clarity. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.
Manuscript charges for submission, processing and publication: The journal does not charge for submission and processing of the manuscripts.
Category Specific Guidelines: All the general instructions are mandatory for these articles and may also have to follow the category specific guidelines wherever specific depending upon the study methodology and area of study. Word count should preferably be within 5000 counts.
Clinical & Epidemiological Research: This can include clinical trials, case series, case studies, surveys, statistical and population studies, ethno medicinal surveys, profiling etc. These should follow the following criteria’s wherever applicable:
|Type of Study||Guidelines|
|Randomized controlled trials||CONSORT|
|Studies of diagnostic accuracy||STARD|
|Systematic reviews and meta-analyses||PRISMA|
|Observational studies in epidemiology||STROBE|
|Meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology||MOOSE|
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